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Archives for : April2016

Influence of Industrialism on Arts

download-15Engineering, technology, and industrialization have made our lives much better. There is no doubt about that. They have transformed our society and for better or worse, they have also changed the way we perceive and admire Arts and Artisan’s efforts around us. But, to what extent?

Everything that modern man uses has been manufactured en masse and Information technology have made Earth a global village. People can interact with each other thousands of miles away in sub-seconds and travel around the world in a matter of hours. So, they have a faster and direct access to what is being expressed in the form of art and literature. That has changed things a lot too.

There were some art forms that were transformed with the advent of modern machines. Camera photography gave people the unprecedented ability to capture any moment instantaneously. When photography was invented in 1830, painters felt threatened by the new invention. They eventually distinguished Arts form from Photography and began to experiment with impressionism, abstract arts, surrealism and other forms of modern painting concepts that were partly fueled by industrialism and the new social settings in an industrial world. Another significant impact of the Industrial and Information Revolutions was the invention of products like the tube paint. As tube paints are collapsible, their invention made artists more mobile. It resulted in a better outreach of art.

With the advent of photographs and movie reels, a different art category emerged that has since overshadowed the rest in terms of popularity and mass appeal. It is the art of motion pictures and animation. It is the simplicity and mass appeal of this relatively new sensation that transcended all boundaries and made us fall in love with it. Now you didn’t need to understand a particular art form to be able to admire it. It also resulted in a decreased interest in other forms of expressive art.

The internet and communication revolution also brought a lot of changes into our lives and eliminated many boundaries. Recently, various art forms have thrived due to this increased connectivity and brought fame to artists from around the world. They have become richer and more recognized in public while inspiring new talents to come through.

On the downside, industrialism and connectivity has fueled our materialistic nature and decreased appreciation for harder-to-understand topics. But, despite all that, it has made artists and art better recognized around the world. The future is bright if we see it in the right light!

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9403886

Hobby Or Profession?

Whenever I tell people that I am a sculptor they ask me if I can get an income out of it. Their second question is how I turned my hobby into my job. Another rather funny question is how I make time for this. I seldom think about that but occasionally I look at my work, at the amount and I just know how many hours I spend on each sculpture. This is what I do, my life’s ambition, my profession. I am a sculptor, I make sculptures. I devote my time and my life to this.

People never ask a professional athlete how much time his sport occupies or how he changed his hobby into his job. You just know that. He is a professional athlete so he already made that choice and will dedicate all his time to it. All his future decisions will be dependent on his choice to become a professional athlete. It is the reason for his doing or not doing certain things. And that choice can only be made after spending 10.000 hours practicing your sport to discover whether you’re talented enough. I once heard people say about Sven Kramer that he wasn’t all that talented but had enormous will power.

It is the same for professional artists, for true craftsmen. Once you’ve made that decision, the consequences will reveal themselves. And I remember the exact moment I took that resolution. For me that means a continuous study of forms, I will always work from my heart. I will submerge myself in what touches people and capture it in my sculptures. The foundation of my work is my bewilderment and surprise about man and the world he creates. I am honest and open.

It also means I have to go along my own path, I cannot be part of the heap. I observe humanity and feel the impact it has on me. I try to translate that into my work. I look at society from the side line. But of course I am also part of society and have to meet the demands of that society to be able to keep my occupation. To get by (yes, it’s my livelihood, of course it’s my livelihood, otherwise I wouldn’t be able to stand in front of you). But I need to be able to do lots of other things as well. I must be capable to build a website, negotiate prices, hit the market, search for customers, do public relations, keep a portfolio, know my position with reference to other artists. But the bottom line, the reason I need to learn all those things are my sculptures. That is the consequence of my heart’s acceptance.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9499702

Shading Techniques in Art

Shading is the technique of showing tones or values on an object through gradual gradations for it to look ‘solid’ and have a three dimensional effect. Shading techniques allow you to weave layer upon layer of pencil marks to add a convincing form to your line drawing. Shading adds a sense of substance to your subject and produces a convincing tonal relationship. Drawings take on a three dimensional form when shaded properly.

To render shades correctly on drawn objects, the artist must carefully observe the source of light that is striking various values of tones or shades on the drawn objects. After realizing the source of light, the artist must study closely the reflections of the light on areas of the objects to know the lightest and darkest sections. After establishing the endpoints or extremes thus the lightest valued areas as well as the darkest valued areas, the remaining area with a mid-half tone between the two extremes is the middle value.

The tones are adjusted as many times to make it look realistic. It is advised that artists step back periodically to look at the drawing and the subject in a distance to view and adjust the tones accordingly. This would make the values depicted on the drawn objects more realistic. In the rendition of cast shadow, the artist must take note of the light source and the striking or reflection of the light on the objects. If the light is far above, the shorter the shadow is (try checking out your shadow at noon – 12:00PM) whereas the lower the light, the longer the cast shadow will become. The rule is that the darker the shadow, the brighter the light source. As the shadow is drawn further from the object, the lighter it becomes. The shadow takes on the shape of the item it comes from. Notice that to make the shadow, all you have to do is create a triangular shape from the top of the object to the ground and back to the base of the object. According to the light source, make your shadow fit accordingly.

There are various ways of rendering shades on a drawn object. Some of these are:

1. Hatching: This is a shading technique that employs one set of line either vertical, curved or horizontal lines in rendering shades on a drawn object. These lines are drawn beside one another to give the illusion of a value. Depending on the hatching shading effect one want to achieve, the artist may decide to make the individual lines in hatching sets far apart or close together.

2. Cross-hatching: This is a shading technique made by the use of lines that crosses each other at an angle in rendering shades on an object. In cross-hatching, one set of line crosses over (overlaps) another set of line to create a shade on a drawn object.

3. Stippling/Dottilism/Pointillism: This is a shading technique that employs dots or series of points in rendering the shades on an object.

4. Circularism/Squirkling/Scribbling: This is the use of circles, squirkles and scribbles in rendering a shade on an object. When squirkle sets have noticeable spaces between the lines, they work beautifully for shading various textures, such as fuzzy fabrics and curly hair. Squirkles can look like a solid tone when the lines are drawn closely together, and are great for shading lots of different aspects of people, including skin tones.

5. Tonal gradation/smudging: This is the rendering of soft tones on a drawn object and blending the tones together with the thumb, a piece of paper or a soft cloth.

Rendering shades on objects using any marking or drawing tool is an interesting practical exercise in art. However, to achieve successes, artists must learn the rudiments in shading so as to render shade on drawn objects based on the accepted rubrics of art.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9508066

Popular Adult Costume Ideas

Who says that Halloween is a holiday that is interesting just for the kids and teens? Adults can have fun too and that’s why I present a short list of Halloween costume ideas for adults. For woman, you must decide whether you are looking for a naughty/sexy costume or a “regular” costume. If you decide to go wild on this night, you can always choose a nurse, police officer or fireman costume. These costumes will make anyone look sexy. Men choosing to bypass the “regular” costume, might opt for a more traditional costume such as a pirate, vampire, zombie, or ghost.

When it comes to so-called “regular” costumes, you can choose a costume that reflects your hobbies or interests. If you like movies and TV shows you can dress as some of your favorite characters. Keep in mind that there are many people who love movies and TV shows so you might be wearing the same costume like someone else. If you want to avoid that, choose a character that is not actually the main character in the show. If you belong to the older generation, choose characters that were popular back in the days – 80s or 90s.

You can even try going dressed as your favorite dead celebrity. Not only can you go dressed as them during the height of their career. But you can also go dressed as a back from the grave decaying zombie version of them. By simply adding some special effects makeup, you can turn your Viva Las Vegas Elvis into a Zombie Elvis.

Kurt Cobain is sure to be a hit, especially if you have a date that can go as Courtney Love. All you’ll need is some Cobain sunglasses, grungy hair and an old pair of jeans, black converse and flannel shirt over a distressed t-shirt. Courtney Love is a hilarious costume idea because of all her outrageous fashion statements throughout their relationship.

Want to be culturally relevant? How about dressing up for Halloween this year as Prince or David Bowie? That would really be great, considering the amount of different looks they rocked throughout their long careers. Are you a Harry Potter fan? Go as Snape. His costume is quite easy to do-it-yourself (DIY). All you’ll need is a long black robe like his, a long sleeve knee-length high collared black jacket worn underneath. Long black pants and black boots. The hair can be pulled off easily with a simple black wig (you may need to cut it though). You need a wand too, but you can make a wand quite easily for free.

If your on a budget this Halloween, DIY costumes will save money, and they also help adults and children spark their imaginations. Costumes off the store shelves are often flimsy and one-size-fits-most. And these cheaply made costumes often come with a large price tag. To really take your costuming to the next level and save some money, make your own costume.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9529449